Cover Articles

My Child Can’t Sleep

How to manage pediatric insomnia  Judith A. Owens, MD, MPH, is an internationally recognized authority on pediatric sleep and the author of numerous original research and review articles in peer-review journals on the topic. Her particular research interest is in the neurobehavioral and health consequences

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Cover Articles

Sleep in Athletics

Recently, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) included sleep health as part of its first official mental health position statement. Additionally, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the US published its first position paper on sleep health for athletes with

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The Buzz About Sleep

Your Latest Buzzwords are Process C & Process S.

Your Latest Buzzwords are Process C & Process S. The two processes that regulate the timing and length of sleep.  PROCESS C Where do Process C and Process S come from? Process C refers to our internal clock—our body’s natural sleep

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Insomnia

How to Find Help for Your Insomnia

Paul Glovinsky, PhD has been working in the field of sleep medicine for more than 35 years. His study began in 1979 when he met Arthur Spielman, PhD, one of the founders of behavioral sleep medicine. Active on Dr. Glovinsky’s dissertation committee, their

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Insomnia

Insights into Insomnia

Sleep. We all know it is important. Sleep is when your body heals itself, both mentally and physically. Getting adequate sleep is linked to better mood, memory, and immune function, while poor quality sleep is associated with higher body weight

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Insomnia

Have You Been Worried About Insomnia?

Below are some questions that a doctor might ask to help determine whether you are at risk for insomnia. If these issues concern you, contact your primary care physician.  Please remember that insomnia is treatable. I often have difficulty falling asleep. 

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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence in Sleep Medicine

How AI is changing the field Artificial Intelligence (AI) consists of computer programs that perform decision-making and pattern-recognition tasks previously done by humans. Classical automatic algorithms are programmed to recognize events and patterns. By learning from data, AI algorithms can reproduce what

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Sleep Disorder Management

Short Sleeper & Long Sleeper

Lesser-known sleep disorders may alter how long you sleep.   Based on research and diagnosis, only around one percent of the population will be diagnosed with short sleeper. Likewise, one percent will be diagnosed with long sleeper.   What is short sleeper? 

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Insomnia

What is CBT-I?

What to understand about the gold standard in insomnia treatment. If you are experiencing insomnia—or finding it difficult to fall asleep several times per week, you may be told by your healthcare provider about cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I).

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Opinion

Ways to Get Through the Day on Little Sleep

There are many indicators of poor sleep quality. While many warning signs are sleep sensitive—such as irritability, poor mood, worse performance, difficulties concentrating—most could also be explained by other factors.   The main test I use is to ask: How do you

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Right Now in Sleep Science

The index of Nighttime Offline Distress (iNOD)

3,008 adolescents aged 10–18 years were surveyed to develop a new self-reporting index to measure the difficulty of disengaging from social media at night. The index of Nighttime Offline Distress (iNOD) showed that youth with higher scores on the index reported

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Bedtime Reads

BEDTIME READS: Sleep Disorders for Dummies

Looking to learn more? Each issue, we highlight one book about sleep.  Sleep Disorders For Dummies by Max Hirshkowitz and Patricia B. Smith  An easy-to-follow guide to help you get a good night’s rest. Sleep Disorders For Dummies is for anyone who has trouble sleeping—or has a loved one who suffers

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Healthy Sleep

Consequences of Poor Sleep Quality

What happens if you regularly sleep less than seven hours per night and/or usually live with disrupted sleep to the point of sleep deprivation? Sleep professionals are often asked, “Why should I care about my sleeping habits?”  The reason you

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Doc

As answered by our Special Issue Reviewers  Q: What are some warning signs of sleep deprivation?  __________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Thomas: Waking up tired, needing more than two cups of coffee, feeling tired, yawning, having difficulty focusing during the middle of the afternoon and

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Healthy Sleep

Understanding Caffeine & Sleep

A majority of adults begin the day with caffeine. Drinking caffeine 4-6 hours before bed has been shown to impact the ability to fall asleep & sleep quality.  Research shows consuming caffeine before bedtime can suppress the production of melatonin, a

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Cover Articles

Insomnia 1991-2021: How Treatment Has Changed

Views on insomnia and “trouble sleeping” have undoubtedly changed throughout the past few decades. As it became more culturally acceptable to talk about insomnia, treatments began being requested. Three World Sleep Society sleep experts have watched the field grow, expand

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Doc

As answered by Issue Reviewers Q: Any tips on making time for sleep in a busy life?   Dr. ThomasThe key is to consider good and adequate sleep as necessary for health, just like optimal food, exercise, relationships and so

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Cover Articles

Sleep in Space

Can we adapt to a new night and day? NASA is planning a mission to the Moon in 2024. After several lunar missions, NASA plans to send astronauts to Mars. This series of missions for exploration is called Artemis 1.

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Pediatric Sleep

Sleep Disorders in Kids are Common

Differentiating the usual from the unusual. All parents are familiar with the stress of trying to get kids to sleep—as well as the worry that comes when that sleep isn’t sound. Children often experience more sleep disturbances than adults, but

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Sleep Disorder Management

How You Spend Your Days Can Affect Your Nights

From night owls to morning larks. Circadian rhythms are our body’s time keeper, differentiating day and night, telling us when it is time to eat and releasing sleep hormones like melatonin when it is time to sleep. Psychologist and PhD

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Physical Health

Better Sleep, Better Immunity

I was always fascinated by the conventional wisdom and personal experience that sleep helps fight infections. And isn’t it interesting that, on the other hand, not sleeping enough makes us more susceptible to get infected? There is something happening during

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Pediatric Sleep

Nightmares & Sleepwalking

When is there cause for concern? Believe it or not, sleepwalking and excessive nightmares are related—and both could potentially require a visit to the doctor. Learn more about these common sleep disorders, and when to seek treatment. What is sleepwalking?According

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The Buzz About Sleep

Your Latest Buzzword is Hypnic Jerks.

When you are falling asleep and your body suddenly jerks, jolts or startles, this is a hypnic jerk or benign myoclonic jerk. Some people refer to them as a twitch, start or involuntary contraction, but all words are describing the

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Pediatric Sleep

Melatonin

From hormone to over-the-counter supplement. Dr. Lourdes DelRosso is passionate about helping people find good rest. She has a particular interest in restless sleep and restless legs syndrome. Along with her work in sleep medicine, Dr. DelRosso has often been

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Healthy Sleep

How to Know if You Have a Sleep Disorder

What is a sleep disorder? Simply put, a sleep disorder is a problem or condition that results in lack of quality sleep. Lacking quality sleep impacts daytime function and a myriad of physical and mental elements. Sleep is a basic

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Healthy Sleep

What is “Regular” Sleep?

Understanding the definition and why it’s important for our health. Regular sleep can be explained as being “not irregular” and vice versa. Sleep is naturally prone to be irregular, as it occurs in “chunks” that are loosely linked together, and

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Physical Health

Epilepsy & Sleep

Five things you should know. Doctors have long recognized a complicated dynamic between sleep and seizure activity in people with epilepsy. As a neurologist who specializes in treating epilepsy, as well as sleep disorders, Dr. Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer is on the

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Hypersomnia

The Hypersomnia Foundation

Patient Organization Highlight The Hypersomnia Foundation, Inc. is a nonprofit, patient advocacy organization working on behalf of people with idiopathic hypersomnia and related rare sleep disorders. Diane Powell, the current Chair of the Board of Directors and CEO, explains, “Idiopathic

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Mental Health

Social Rejection & Sleep

Is there a connection? Humans are social creatures, yet the research on how sleep is related to many social processes has been largely unexplored. Social rejection seemed like an easy one to investigate because interpersonal stressors—like social rejection—have routinely been

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Healthy Sleep

The Case for Later School Start Times

Why starting school later is healthier for our teens. By helping the next generation maximize their potential, decrease risk-taking behaviors, improve driver safety and improve quality of life, adjusting school start times can have a positive effect on an entire

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Right Now in Sleep Science

Sleep Deprivation + Dementia

Does sleep impact dementia risk? A new study suggests that sleeping less than 5 hours per night is associated with a two-fold greater risk for dementia when compared to sleeping 7-8 hours per night. Additionally, taking longer than 30 minutes

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Sleep Disorder Management

When Breathing During Sleep Isn’t Normal

Hypoventilation & hypoxemia. HYPOVENTILATIONVentilation is the process of breathing air in and out. In this process, carbon dioxide is exhaled from the lungs and oxygen enters the blood stream after inspiration of air into our lungs. We ventilate air during

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Doc

As answered by Issue Reviewers Q: Is it possible to sleep too much?   Dr. ThomasHypersomnia is the term used to describe excessive sleep duration, and is not normal. The capability of sleeping 11 or more hours in a 24-hour

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Cover Articles

COVID-19 & Sleep

What we know. Three professional perspectives on the pandemic’s impact on our sleep—including tips on how to sleep better. From the Taskforce Associate Professor Sutapa Mukherjee of Flinders University has been a sleep physician since 2005. In addition to working

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Pediatric Sleep

Sleep Challenges of Autism

One doctor’s quest to help families rest. Before Dr. Beth Ann Malow attained her distinguished roles at Vanderbilt University as the Chief of their Division of Sleep Disorders, as well as the Burry Chair of Cognitive Child Development, she was

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Healthy Sleep

Circadian Rhythms

Can our bodies keep track of time? Have you ever wondered why it’s so hard to sleep after the clocks change, or why you feel so sluggish on dark winter days? Or why after working an overnight shift or traveling

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads: You Are Getting Sleepy

You Are Getting Sleepy: Lifestyle-Based Solutions for Insomnia by Paul Glovinsky, PhD and Arthur Spielman, PhD is an easy-to-follow guide written by two founding experts in behavioral sleep medicine that will help you achieve a good night’s rest. Taking into

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Healthy Sleep

Gender Differences in Sleep

For decades, researchers have reported and recorded differences in sleep for women and men, with more recent studies including transgender and nonbinary individuals. Dr. Michael Grandner of the University of Arizona has been working in the field of sleep medicine

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Right Now in Sleep Science

Sleep Deprivation + Nightmares

Recent research ties sleep deprivation to recurrent nightmares in adolescents aged 10-20. Researchers in China surveyed 19,229 students to reveal that recurrent nightmares occurred more often in those who habitually slept less than eight hours per night. The study found

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Healthy Sleep

Sleep Changes as We Age

A Q&A with Dr. Catherine McCall Catherine McCall, MD is a sleep medicine physician and psychiatrist working at the Seattle VA. She is also the Acting Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavior Sciences at the University of

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Sleep Disorder Management

Acting Out Your Dreams?

It could be REM sleep behavior disorder… Thrashing against imaginary intruders? Calling out while dreaming? Sometimes these nocturnal outbursts bother a bedmate more than the wild sleeper. However, even if you sleep alone, it might be worth asking your doctor

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The Buzz About Sleep

Your Latest Buzzword is Monophasic.

Over 24 hours, sleep can be organized into one block, called monophasic, or multiple blocks knowns as biphasic or polyphasic sleep. Little is known about variation in organizational patterns of sleep in humans, but it is expected that monophasic sleep

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Mental Health

Sleep Deprivation & Loneliness

Sleep loss is a significant contributing factor to the public health crisis of loneliness Perhaps you’ve noticed in your own life that when you sleep less, you are less likely to call up a friend or go out to a

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Healthy Sleep

Sleep in the Spotlight

March offers global opportunities to celebrate sleep. With the realization that sleep improves almost every facet of life, you may want to share this important message with family and friends. How can you? The best way is by joining in

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Narcolepsy

Day for Narcolepsy Awareness Projects (Day4NAPs)

PATIENT ORGANIZATION HIGHLIGHT DAY4NAPS is a digital database for narcolepsy awareness events occurring on a global scale. Mark Patterson, MD, PhD, President of the organization, adds, “We also provide links to international narcolepsy and sleep organizations, serving to act as

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Sleep Disorder Management

Opinion: What You Should Know About Wearables

Smart apps and devices can track your sleep, but accuracy matters. Two things motivated me to become interested in wearables. First, I wanted to find a more economical and flexible alternative to research-grade actigraphs (the current standard for assessing sleep

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Mental Health

Stop the Clock

The case for eliminating seasonal time changes. In most of the United States, daylight saving time starts each year on the second Sunday in March when we set clocks ahead one hour. A growing body of evidence shows that this

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Doc

As answered by Issue Reviewers Q: Is it normal to awaken to use the bathroom several times per night?   Dr. ThomasNo. This reflects either fragmented sleep, resulting in periods of wake after each sleep cycle, bladder irritability or increased

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Mental Health

Sleep + Unwanted Thoughts

A new study reveals that sleep deprivation and/or lack of sleep impairs the ability to stop and block unwanted thoughts. Intrusive, negative or unwanted thoughts tend to be a complaint of those living with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and other

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Mental Health

Sundowning

A sleep disorder may be affecting your loved one with dementia. Antonio Culebras MD, FAAN, FAHA, FAASM is a Professor of Neurology at SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, NY. His research has led him to study a sleep disorder

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads: Sleep-Wrecked Kids

In Sleep-Wrecked Kids: Helping Parents Raise Happy, Healthy Kids, One Sleep at a Time, author and speech pathologist/myofunctional practitioner with 38 years of clinical experience, Sharon Moore will explain: • The importance of sleep for kids• The good sleep formula•

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Pediatric Sleep

The Discovery of a New Pediatric Sleep Disorder

Recently, I was a member of a group of international sleep researchers who developed consensus diagnostic criteria detailing a new sleep disorder in children called Restless Sleep Disorder or RSD. With this new discovery, we intend to improve clinical practice

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Healthy Sleep

Creating Your Optimal Sleep Environment

There are many things that affect sleep, including physical health, mental health, sleep habits and the physical environment. The physical environment is generally defined as all the things in a person’s sleeping space that are either conducive to sleep or

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Healthy Sleep

4 Things to Know about Sleep & Stress

The topic of stress and sleep is of the outmost importance as we head into 2021. The unprecedent times we have been living in since March 2020 have had a devastating effect on sleep, especially because of the stress caused

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Patient Organization Highlight

Patient Org Highlight: ASAP

Alliance of Sleep Apnea Partners ASAP is an organization for patients with sleep apnea created by patients with sleep apnea. Kathy Page, Past President of the ASAP Board of Directors explains, “Everything we do, everything we create or try to

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Healthy Sleep

Danger on the Road

Watch out for drowsy driving. High speed. No skid marks. A serious accident. These hallmarks often indicate to crash scene investigators that a driver nodded off at the wheel. MICROSLEEPWe’ve all seen someone do it: in a meeting, in a

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Healthy Sleep

Nutrition & Sleep

How to improve your sleep by changing your eating & drinking habits. The relationship between nutrition and sleep is far from being completely clarified. However, the available scientific evidence supports a few tips that can improve your sleep: 1.) Cut

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The Buzz About Sleep

The BuZZZ about Sleep

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy, or OMT as it’s regularly referred to, is a therapy of exercises for the face and tongue that can improve or even eliminate causes of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. The muscles of the tongue, throat and

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Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea 101

What everyone should know about this common sleep disorder. Sleep apnea is a pervasive, potentially dangerous disorder that deserves wider public awareness and understanding. An estimated 80% of moderate to severe cases go undiagnosed, and this sleep disorder can wreak

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Sleep Apnea

Snoring is Common But Not Always Normal

Snoring is extremely common—one of the most common presenting symptoms to a sleep clinic. I had the good fortune to work with Professor Colin Sullivan, a pioneer of the sleep field and inventor of CPAP for the treatment of obstructive

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Pediatric Sleep

Yes, Children Can Have Sleep Apnea Too

Understand the rates, risks and treatments for your little one. All around the world, parents worry about their children’s health. And while there is plenty of talk around how much sleep children should get, there is not always talk about

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Stacey Quo, DDS, MS
Cover Articles

Sleep in the Dental Chair

Stacey Quo, DDS, MS has made it her passion to help patients who might never know they have a sleep disorder, find rest. Sometimes you discover sleep disorders in the most unlikely of places. Like the orthodontist’s office. Dr. Stacey

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Pediatric Sleep

10 Ways to Improve Your Child’s Sleep

Sleep. How can a parent help a child sleep better? First, by knowing that sleep is one of the most significant contributors to your child’s physical and mental health. Sleep is important. As parents, the primary point of action we

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Cover Articles

Healthy Habits for Healthy Sleep

Healthy sleep is sleep which restores and energizes you so you feel wide awake, dynamic and energetic all day long, yet 1 in 3 Americans is not achieving healthy sleep. Many people assume getting a good night’s sleep is judged

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Clinician as Advocate

Clinician as Advocate: Five Questions with Moira Junge

Moira Junge, PhD, a health psychologist, Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor, and CEO of the Sleep Health Foundation in Melbourne, Australia, believes collaboration plays a key role in spreading good health messages, increasing reach, and attracting sustainable funding. She is keen

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Sports

Sleep Like a Professional Athlete

 There’s sleep, there’s good sleep, and then there’s sleeping like a professional athlete. When it comes to professional athletes, even good sleep isn’t good enough. If you have poor sleep habits, fixing your routine can feel insurmountable. But at the

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Healthy Sleep

Benefits and Drawbacks of Napping

There are as many opinions on napping as there are hours in the day. Is napping good or bad? How long should you nap? When should you nap? Do kids need naps? These are some of the questions that Dr.

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads: Peak Sleep Performance for Athletes

Peak Sleep Performance for Athletes: The Cutting-edge Sleep Science That Will Guarantee a Competitive Advantage by Shane A. Creado, MD Although written for the elite athlete, everyone can benefit from the sleep tips discussed in Peak Sleep. Sleep is a

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Patient Organization Highlight

Uplifting Athletes

From competing as an elite athlete to becoming Executive Director of Uplifting Athletes, Rob Long has had an incredible journey, granting him insight into rare diseases and their treatments. As captain for the Syracuse University football team, it looked like

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Physical Health

Sleep’s Role in Recovery

Don’t Skip This Part of Your Workout! You go to the gym every day. The day isn’t complete without a workout or practice, and your cupboard is stocked with everything you need to rebuild and recover – or so you

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Sports

Sleeping at High Altitudes

Many bodily functions can be impacted by high-altitude and low-oxygen environments, especially sleep. High-quality sleep is crucial for mood, memory, and overall health and well-being. When sleep is consistently disrupted, troubles with focus, stress, problem-solving, and energy can arise. High-altitude

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Physical Health

Better Sleep Through Better Nutrition

Waking up rested and ready for the day is a wonderful feeling. Stress, noise, or snacking on spicy chicken wings too close to bedtime can lead to a terrible night of sleep. Reducing stress or noise can be hard, but

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Right Now in Sleep Science

Orexins and Their Role in Sleep Disorders

Orexins are chemical signals produced in the brain. The area where nerve cells make orexins is called the “hypothalamus”, which is at the base of the brain. This area controls many automatic and hormonal functions. They play a critical role

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Physical Health

Sleeping Your Way to Better Performance

Sleep is a normal and reversible activity that is essential for recovery. Studies show that sleep is important for health and performance, especially for athletes. Getting enough sleep not only helps athletes perform better but also impacts overall physical and

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Experts

Your questions about sleep and sleep disorders answered by our issue reviewers who are sleep specialists with a combined 64 years of experience in the field of sleep medicine.  Have a question for the sleep experts? Submit questions to healthiersleep@worldsleepsociety.org. 

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Healthy Sleep

Soothing Bedtime Routines

One healthy sleep habit is having a consistent and soothing bedtime routine. Ideally a bedtime routine begins 30 to 60 minutes prior to bed and is consistent. This signals to your mind and body that it is time to prepare

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Healthy Sleep

The Power of Noise for a Good Night’s Sleep

When you think about getting a good night’s sleep, you probably imagine a completely quiet room. When that isn’t possible, a little noise might actually help you sleep better. Different types of noise can mask disruptive sounds and help you

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Cover Articles

Where Sleep Doctors Go to Learn from the Best

 How the World Sleep Congress Advances Patient Care Doctors in all specialties often travel to scientific conferences with their peers to share the new results of scientific studies, learn the latest clinical practices, and plan future projects. The process of

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Artificial Intelligence

The Potential of Consumer Sleep Trackers

In today’s busy world, where hustle and bustle are often prioritized, sleep is usually overlooked. However, people are beginning to realize that getting quality sleep is one of the most essential components of living a healthy life. As a result,

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads: Why We Should Sleep Smarter

Why We Should Sleep Smarter: The Scientific Blueprint to Optimize your Energy Levels and Supercharge Your Day by Matthew Reed Across the world, millions of people struggle to stay awake, energized, and motivated throughout the day due to poor quality

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Cover Articles

Sleep and the Developing Child Brain

The medical community has long recognized that the relationship between sleep and the developing brain in young infants and children is important. A greater understanding of sleep and the developing brain is still a work in progress because a lot

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Patient Organization Highlight

Circadian Sleep Disorders Network

Circadian Sleep Disorders Network (CSDN) is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the lives of people with chronic circadian sleep rhythm disorders. Circadian sleep disorders are neurological disorders in which the sleep-wake cycle is out of sync with the

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Pediatric Sleep

How to Choose a Baby Monitor

Babies spend more than half of their day sleeping (at least that is the hope!), and many parents rely on baby monitors to keep an eye on their new bundle of joy. Lately, the market has exploded with an overwhelming

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Advancing Sleep Health

Know the Risk Factors for Adolescent Insomnia

Adolescence is an important time of life. As a body goes through puberty, there are a lot of physical, emotional, and mental changes. Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, PhD has studied this phase of life to see how these changes affect the way

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The Buzz About Sleep

Your Latest Buzzword is Crowdlearning

 Crowdlearning is a way of learning that is based on sharing experience and knowledge in a group of people. It serves as a motivational platform for the transfer of information in education. Crowdlearning can take place in a variety of

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Healthy Sleep

Sleep-related Jerky Movements

Spasms, starts, jerks, jolts: there are many names for the sensation of “catching yourself ” when falling asleep. This could be a sleep start or hypnic jerk. It is a very normal response as we prepare to sleep. However, in

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Healthy Sleep

Sleep Deprivation in the Elderly

What Causes it and How to Remedy It While sleep deprivation – or not getting enough sleep is common, there is a remarkable increase as we age. Sleep deprivation affects about 10 to 20 percent of individuals in the general

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Right Now in Sleep Science

Imaging the Sleeping Brain

The brain continues to work while we sleep, consolidating memories, “cleaning” itself, and maintaining our metabolism and other critical systems of our body. Until recently much of how the brain works during sleep has been speculative. Dr. Laura Lewis, a

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Experts

Your questions about sleep and sleep disorders answered by our issue reviewers who are sleep specialists with a combined 64 years of experience in the field of sleep medicine.  Have a question for the sleep experts? Submit questions to healthiersleep@worldsleepsociety.org. 

Read More »
Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Experts

I tend to sleep badly if I have a stressful day, but otherwise sleep fine. Is this abnormal? Dr. Lipford: It is completely normal for stress during the day to affect your sleep patterns. Stress can make it more difficult

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The Buzz About Sleep

The BuZZZ about Sleep

Your latest Buzzword is Orthosomnia Millions of people use sleep-tracking devices to keep an eye on how much sleep they are getting night after night. But as the popularity of the devices is increasing, a new problem is popping up:

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Healthy Sleep

Is Climate Change Hurting Our Sleep?

Sleep is one facet of our health that is impacted by climate change. Sleep is vital for restoring physical and mental health. Sleep deprivation speeds up the aging process and can lead to various cardiometabolic disorders. Not getting enough good

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Right Now in Sleep Science

Right Now in Sleep Science

A new study shows that getting more exposure to natural daylight could help you fall asleep earlier, especially if you spend time outside during the morning hours. Researchers studied the sleep patterns of over 500 students at the University of

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Healthy Sleep

Promotion of Sleep Around the Globe

Sleep is a crucial biological process. Humans need an average of 7-8 hours of sleep each night to operate at our best. However, studies suggest that up to 1/3rd of the population does not achieve this amount. Lack of proper

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads: Hello Sleep by Jade Wu, PhD

For many people who have trouble sleeping, each night is an anxious odyssey where getting a good night’s sleep feels like a battle to win rather than a basic biological process. The problem is that too many people approach sleep

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Healthy Sleep

The Stages of Sleep

Each night as you drift off to sleep, your brain begins going through a series of sleep stages. These stages combine to form a sleep cycle, but it doesn’t end there. You go through several sleep cycles each night. What

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Healthy Sleep

16 Years of World Sleep Day

Each year, World Sleep Day is celebrated with a unique and focused theme. Participants around the world incorporate the theme into their activities and educational offerings. As we continue to raise awareness through the 2023 World Sleep Day theme, “Sleep

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Healthy Sleep

World Sleep Day Around the World

World Sleep Day is an annual celebration that brings together sleep medicine specialists and the public throughout the world to highlight the importance of sleep. Since the first World Sleep Day in 2008, thousands of events and activities have taken

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Physical Health

Sleep Is Essential for Health

On an intuitive level, we all know that good sleep is vital for our health. However, if we scratch the surface of this understanding a little bit, problems can start to emerge. Do we know what good sleep truly is?

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The Future of Sleep – StimScience

Modern technology has already changed the way we sleep, and unfortunately most of these changes have been detrimental to our sleep health. International travel and early-morning / late-night conference calls confuse our body’s circadian clock. And phones and social media

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Healthy Sleep

Sleep and Meditation

Is This the Master Key? Sleep might be one of those rare occasions when science needs to listen to poetry. In Macbeth sleep is extolled because it “knits up the raveled sleeve of care,” perhaps the most famous Shakespeare comment

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Sleep Medication

Sleeping Pills and Travel

Whether you love to travel or have to hit the road for work, traveling can interfere with getting quality sleep. Traveling may have an adverse effect on your sleep for a few different reasons, including the following: Change in circadian

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Uncategorized

Medication and Air Travel

If you take any type of medication, it is important to understand how traveling may affect your medication schedule and the effects of the drugs. It is also helpful to take steps to ensure you stay on track the best

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Healthy Sleep

Alcohol and Sleep

Many people struggle with not only falling asleep at night but also staying asleep all night. Typically, this restlessness is blamed on work and home stress. It could also result from too much screen time that can leave your nerves

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Healthy Sleep

Jet Lag and How it Affects Sleep

Everyone’s body has an internal clock that regulates your sleep-wake cycles. This is referred to as your circadian rhythm (patterns your body follows based on a 24-hour day). Unfortunately, when you travel over multiple time zones, your internal clock does

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Artificial Intelligence

Sleep Tracking Devices

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the purchase of devices that monitor sleep quality and quantity. This is driven by increased marketing efforts and a heightened understanding by consumers of the importance of sleep for overall

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Artificial Intelligence

Patient Organization Highlight: Sleep Consortium

Founded in 2021, Sleep Consortium is a nonprofit organization created to accelerate next-generation research, disease understanding, and therapy development for those living with central disorders of hypersomnolence (CDoH) and other related sleep disorders. These disorders of hypersomnolence include narcolepsy, idiopathic

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Artificial Intelligence

Dealing with the Data

These days you can use technology to track almost anything in your life – including your sleep! You may have noticed that a watch or device that you already own records sleep data, or maybe you’ve purchased a specific tracker

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Artificial Intelligence

Sleep Stage Scoring with Artificial Intelligence

Sleep stage scoring is a fundamental task when objectively evaluating sleep with polysomnography (PSG), the gold standard method for sleep assessment. The current rules for sleep stage scoring are defined in the Manual for Scoring Sleep and Related Events, which

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Artificial Intelligence

Detecting Parkinson’s Disease through Sleep

Researchers in the United States have discovered a way to use artificial intelligence (AI) to evaluate Parkinson’s disease (PD), a neurological disease that affects more than 10 million people worldwide. PD is a progressive disorder that does not have a

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Artificial Intelligence

Can Your Digital Twin Heal You?

Researchers at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine are using an innovative approach to address sleep health issues in underserved communities. The project, called the Media and Innovation Lab (MIL) Box, delivers wearable and nearable technology devices to

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Artificial Intelligence

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

When most people think about artificial intelligence (AI) and its applications, they tend not to think about its link to sleep and sleep health. The truth is, though, that AI is at the forefront of providing insights into what is

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Doc

As answered by our issue reviewers. Question: Can taking iron cure my Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)? Dr. Zak: Before answering this question, I want to address the terms. You have asked about “curing” RLS. RLS is not like an infection

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Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

Should You Seek Treatment for RLS?

The self-completed International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group Rating Scale (IRLS) identifies the severity of RLS from mild to very severe. This scale is also used to assess treatment outcomes and to determine if RLS gets worse over time. The

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Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

Prevalence of SRMD Across the Lifespan

Sleep-Related Movement Disorders (SRMD) can occur across the lifespan. However, the prevalence of some sleep-related movement disorders is greater during childhood and then decreases as an individual ages, whereas the prevalence of other sleep-related movement disorders increases with age. The

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Pediatric Sleep

Restless Sleep Disorder

Many parents describe their child’s sleep as restless. Their child might toss and turn throughout the night, end up facing a different direction by morning, or even fall out of the bed. Some parents describe their child as a “windmill”

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Cover Articles

Pediatric Sleep-Related Movement Disorders

Pediatric sleep issues affect millions of children to varying degrees. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, between 25% to 50% of preschool-age children have sleep-related problems. It is also estimated that 40% of adolescents also have sleep problems. Some

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Sleep Issue

What Goes Kick in the Night?

Has your bed partner ever told you that you move suddenly or kick during sleep? Or have you woken up during sleep unsure of what roused you? You may be experiencing periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD). According to the Cleveland

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Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

The BuZZZ about Sleep– Augmentation

Your Latest Buzzword is Augmentation. Augmentation is the phenomenon in which patients who have been taking a dopaminergic medication for the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and were doing well on the medication, suddenly start experiencing a worsening of

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Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

Five Hallmarks of Restless Legs Syndrome

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sleep disorder that usually presents with symptoms prior to sleep onset. Difficulty falling asleep, due to leg discomfort, is therefore a common presentation. There are five distinct criteria for the diagnosis of RLS; however,

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads- Your Sleep Story

Looking to learn even more? Each issue, we highlight a book about sleep. Available on Amazon and from other book retailers Your Sleep Story: A No-Hype Guide to Sleep Health by Matt Bianchi, MD, PhD In every aspect of health,

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Cover Articles

Restless Legs Syndrome

One of the most common sleep movement disorders explained. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurologic disorder with a profound impact on sleep. The difficult-to-describe sensations (sensory) and urge to move (motor) occur most often during rest or inactivity,

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Pediatric Sleep

Bruxism

I grind my teeth during sleep. Why do I do this? How can I prevent it? What is Sleep Bruxism? Many people grind their teeth during sleep—another term for which is sleep bruxism. For most people, it is not considered

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Cover Articles

Sleep-Related Movement Disorders

Most people move a little when trying to fall asleep or change positions during the night. But sleep-related movements disorders do not involve typical shifts like tossing and turning during sleep. Instead, sleep-related movement disorders involve abnormal movements that interfere

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Ask the Sleep Doc

Ask the Sleep Doc

Q: What should I do if I am still tired after sleeping the recommended hours of sleep?   Dr. DelRosso:   The recommended amount of sleep per age group is determined by taking the average of the sleep requirements of the general population.

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Healthy Sleep

Preparing for a Sleep Study 

Going to the doctor can be daunting, but have you ever gone to the doctor and tried to fall asleep? If you or your family member ever need a sleep study, that’s exactly what you will do. Doctors order sleep

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Patient Organization Highlight

Wake Up Narcolepsy

  Founded in 2008, Wake Up Narcolepsy, Inc. (WUN) is a nonprofit, patient advocacy organization dedicated to driving narcolepsy awareness, education, and research towards improved treatments and a cure. Executive Director, Claire Crisp, explains, “Narcolepsy remains an under-recognized, under-reported, and

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Patient Organization Highlight

Project Sleep

Founded in 2013, Project Sleep is a nonprofit organization that aims to bridge the gap between sleep health and sleep disorders while bringing a patient-driven focus to the sleep space. Julie Flygare, President and CEO of Project Sleep, states that

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Right Now in Sleep Science

Pediatric Hypersomnia Survey

Central nervous system disorders of hypersomnolence typically start in early adolescence yet diagnostic delays and misdiagnosis are common, resulting in years of untreated symptoms, exposure to potentially harmful and unnecessary treatments, and an increase in co-morbid depression.   Investigators at

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Narcolepsy

Co-Morbidities Associated with Narcolepsy 

Narcolepsy is a life-long sleep disorder that affects the brain’s ability to control sleep-wake cycles. With a prevalence of approximately 1 in 2000 individuals, a speedy diagnosis is typically rare. Oftentimes, individuals with narcolepsy also have other co-occurring medical conditions

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads- Waking Mathilda

Looking to learn even more?  For each issue, we highlight books about sleep.  Waking Mathilda: A Memoir of Childhood Narcolepsy  by Claire Crisp  A native of England, Claire Crisp had it all—a strong marriage, three healthy children, and her own home

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Healthy Sleep

Sleep in the Spotlight

Over the past several years, two hot topics have emerged, with an impact on health and safety, from issues associated with daytime sleepiness. The first calls for the elimination of Daylight-Saving Time. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine put out

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The Buzz About Sleep

The BuZZZ About Sleep- Orexin

Your Latest Buzzword is Orexin, also known as hypocretin.   In 1998 two separate teams, utilizing different approaches and for entirely different reasons, reported the discovery of a new gene. One team named the gene orexin and the other named it hypocretin.

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Hypersomnia

CBT For Hypersomnias

Excessive and persistent sleepiness is a hallmark of a group of sleep disorders known as central disorders of hypersomnolence, which include narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia (IH). Narcolepsy is a neurological condition that interferes with the ability to control the sleep/wake

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Bedtime Reads

Bedtime Reads- Wide Awake and Dreaming

Looking to learn even more? For each issue, we highlight books about sleep. Wide Awake and Dreaming: A Memoir of Narcolepsy  by Julie Flygare  Winner of the San Francisco Book Festival Award for Biography/ Autobiography,  Wide Awake and Dreaming is a revealing

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Insufficient Sleep Syndrome

Insufficient Sleep Syndrome

Getting enough sleep?  Millions of people suffer from chronic sleep-wake disorders that make them struggle to get through the day. Many others burn the candle at both ends to juggle work and family and play, but with the effect of

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Cover Articles

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

Most of us have had an occasional morning when we wake up thinking, “Just five more minutes. Please just let me sleep five more minutes.” We likely nonetheless drag ourselves out of bed and face the day in a groggy

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Cover Articles

The Science of a Good Night’s Sleep

While sleep seems “quiet and restful”, it is, in reality, an active process and involves complex neurophysiology, engaging a number of brain systems. This multi-component physiology leads to restful sleep night after night but also presents multiple vulnerabilities that can

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